The Colombian Peace Process at a Crossroads. Challenges and Perspectives
The Colombian peace process is at a crossroads. Although there is important progress, for example regarding transitional justice, various key issues for peace building continue to be unsolved. Moreover, we cannot speak of peace at all and rather we are observing a transformed violence.
Power, imprisonment and the force of law in Nicaragua
In 2018, massive protests shook Nicaragua and their repression was brutal. Over 300 people were killed in a ‘Clean-Up Operation’ that exposed militarized political policing and the formation of partisan, armed para-state groups. Over the course of the following months and years, more than 1.600 people have been imprisoned for expressing resistance and dissent.
This presentation explores the developmental footprint of China’s Belt and Road Initiative through a theoretical lens inspired by critical Caribbean thought. Ruben Gonzalez-Vicente will discuss how Sino-Caribbean relations remain shaped by epistemic dependency, structural imbalances, and a number of unresolved social issues relating to the postcolonial condition in former plantation societies.
Professors Kees Koonings and Dirk Kruijt, specialists on the role of the military in a number of Latin American societies, will reflect on experiences and current challenges in other parts of the region. In a roundtable discussion they will discuss the wider effects and possibilities for demilitarization that the Costa Rican example sets for the region at large.
In 2016, the case known as ‘Sepur Zarco’ saw two military officers convicted for crimes against humanity and sexual and domestic slavery in Guatemala.
WORKSHOP: Urban transformations and new urban challenges after the COVID-19 pandemic in Amsterdam and Lima
This workshop promotes an interregional and multidisciplinary dialogue on the dynamics of urban restructuring taking place in the wake of the Covid-19 pandemic. The debate will revolve around the cities of Lima and Amsterdam, two paradigmatic yet contrasting cities from the Global South and the Global North.
Place-based sustainability initiatives in rural areas pursue changes in productive systems, governance arrangements, value-aggregation and access to markets. In this presentation, Prof. Eduardo Brondizio examines challenges and opportunities for local initiatives at the intersection with historical and current trends in economic development and policies in the region.
In this lecture Professor Bergman addresses the rapid rise of crime and violence in Latin America over the last decades, and offers an explanation to a striking paradox: In the midst of poverty reduction, economic growth, and democratization, crime rose in the eighteen countries of the region.
In his lecture Michael Janoschka will discuss how Latin American cities have increasingly been defined by the financialisation of urban development, the gentrification of urban areas and the displacement of vulnerable populations.
Inflections of Anti-Racism in Latin America
Dr. Mónica Moreno Figueroa and Prof. Peter Wade discuss the incipient turn to antiracism in Latin America, and the research project ‘Latin American Anti-racism in a 'Post-Racial' Age’ (LAPORA) that looks at styles of antiracist activity in Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador and Mexico. One of the key findings is the variation in how different organisations understand and use the language of racism and antiracism to define or organise their activities.
Riverhood and River commons in Latin America and Europe
River systems are fundamental for social and natural well-being. Around the world, however, mega-damming, pollution and depletion are putting riverine complexes under great stress. Riverhood will study local and transnational “river commoning” languages, values, practices, and strategies.
Presidential-term-limit Reforms in Latin America and Africa
Dr. Mariana Llanos takes a longitudinal view on presidential-term-limit reforms in Latin America and sub-Saharan Africa since the third wave of democratization. Rule instability induced by frequent reforms can be part of a piecemeal path towards autocratization, but it can also reflect an open-ended tug of war between authoritarian tendencies and democratic resistance.